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Mindfulness Meditation and Its Impact on Cancer Patients

Author: Shaghayegh Parsanejad - MSc. in Psychology and neuroscience




Being diagnosed with cancer is a major life event, rife with fear and uncertainty. Research estimates that between 30 to 50% of cancer patients in the USA grapple with psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorders (Spiegel 1996; Zabora et al. 2001). This indicates that the emotional burden of the disease is profound. Further data emphasize that emotional distress rates in cancer patients range from 35% to 60%, affecting their health-related quality of life.


Enter mindfulness—a practice defined by its emphasis on present-moment awareness. Think of it as a serene pause amidst chaos, a deliberate moment to savor life, akin to relishing each bite of an exquisite dish. As mindfulness pioneer Jon Kabat-Zinn eloquently articulates, mindfulness means being wholly immersed in the here and now, warmly and without judgment. Recent years have witnessed a notable rise in the application of Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs). Given the escalating mental health issues among students, mindfulness has transitioned from a niche concept to an evolving mainstream approach. Today, it stands as a significant strategy to counteract stress, especially in educational environments.


Fundamentally, mindfulness comprises two key elements: the self-regulation of attention and an open, accepting orientation toward one's experiences. This practice equips individuals with a crucial sense of mental clarity and resilience, particularly amidst the demanding milieu of university life.


Despite the unsettling statistics regarding emotional distress in cancer patients, effective remedies seem scarce. Genuine understanding and active listening by clinicians, key components of effective communication, can bridge this void. However, many patients might refrain from discussing their feelings for various reasons.


Into this milieu enters Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). Established in 1979 at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center, MBSR is an evidence-based program that teaches individuals to utilize mindfulness meditation to bolster well-being. This program addresses several health concerns, from anxiety and chronic pain to depression and high blood pressure, without tying the meditation to its traditional religious or cultural origins.


Mindfulness-based interventions, like MBSR, have garnered acclaim for their positive effects on cancer patients. One study found that an 8-week MBSR regimen markedly mitigated stress symptoms in breast and prostate cancer patients. This led to enhanced well-being, lessening anxiety, depression, and improving sleep quality. Notably, sleep disturbances, a common grievance among cancer patients, witnessed significant betterment following mindfulness interventions.


Additionally, the MBSR program showed promise in adjusting specific immune responses in cancer patients. This program resulted in a decrease in the pro-inflammatory state in T cells, coupled with an uptick in anti-inflammatory activity, hinting at potential cancer-combative properties.


In Taiwan, where an estimated 60.6% of cancer patients have expressed interest in mind-body interventions, MBSR has had a substantial positive effect on their quality of life. Research involving a diverse set of Taiwanese cancer patients highlighted the lasting influence of MBSR, with benefits enduring for at least three months post-intervention.


In summation, the rise of MBSR and mindfulness meditation as therapeutic assets heralds hope for cancer patients. Their ability to alleviate emotional distress, enhance sleep quality, and even adjust immune responses highlights their comprehensive influence. Backed by thorough research and patient testimonials, these practices may chart the path for a holistic approach to cancer care, one that prioritizes not just the body, but also the mind and soul.


References:

  • Carlson, Linda E.; Speca, Michael; Patel, Kamala D.; Goodey, Eileen. (2003). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Relation to Quality of Life, Mood, Symptoms of Stress, and Immune Parameters in Breast and Prostate Cancer Outpatients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65(4), 571–581. doi:10.1097/01.PSY.0000074003.35911.41


  • Chang YY, Wang LY, Liu CY, Chien TJ, Chen IJ, Hsu CH. (2018). The Effects of a Mindfulness Meditation Program on Quality of Life in Cancer Outpatients: An Exploratory Study. Integr Cancer Ther, 17(2), 363-370. doi: 10.1177/1534735417693359. Epub 2017 Feb 1. PMID: 28627242; PMCID: PMC6041936.


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